Political Science and Security Studies Journal 2024-01-22T18:02:30+02:00 Ivan Open Journal Systems <p>The <strong>“Political Science and Security Studies Journal”</strong> is a broad-based scientific journal aiming to be a pluralist platform for advancing academic knowledge and debate in the field of security and politics. The journal also publishes articles on further topics that fit the journal’s mission from scholars in related disciplines (sociology, philosophy, social psychology, computer sciences, economics and law).</p> A Critical Discourse Analysis of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s Historic 7th March Speech with Fairclough Model: A Political Studies Perspective. 2023-10-25T18:32:07+03:00 S. M. Shawlin <p>This world observes a lot of leaders and nationalist movements. Leaders like, Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King Jr, Abraham Lincoln, Napolean Bonaparte. They have all shines their own charismatic leadership and strong oratory power. All great movements in the timeframe of history were led by great influential leaders who could enhance and motivate people by their spectacular leadership quality. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was one of the personalities who could lead and guide a nation towards independence. His historic speech of 7<sup>th</sup> March 1971 is considered as one of the greatest oratories of the history of independence in Bangladesh. UNESCO recognized the great 7<sup>th </sup>March speech of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as one of the world’s documentary heritage in 2017. This speech shows the importance of political discourse and its analysis of influential heritage. This paper will analyze the historic speech with Fairclough model of CDA.</p> 2024-01-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 S. M. Shawlin Autocratic Democracy and the Challenge of National Development in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic 2023-10-17T15:08:41+03:00 Gbeke Adenuga Olakunle Akingbulu <p>The birth of Nigeria’s fourth republic in 1999 was greeted with great optimism that the much-desired national development, denoted by a significant decrease in the rate of unemployment, poverty, and inequality, was to become a reality. This optimism was located in the belief that democracy provides the best condition for development to thrive. The study however observed that after over two decades of uninterrupted democratic rule, the desired national development remains a mirage. This is traceable to the autocratic nature of democracy in the country as indicated by elitist political leadership, disregard for the principle of the rule of law, and the noticeable disconnect between the leadership class and the masses in terms of responsibility and accountability. The study recommended, inter alia, the opening up of the political space and constitutionalism for the achievement of national development in Nigeria.</p> 2024-01-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Gbeke Adenuga, Olakunle Akingbulu Transformation of approaches of Russian Federation to organization of active measures on the African continent 2024-01-01T18:33:47+02:00 Serhii Moiko <p>The beginning of a large-scale invasion of the Russian Federation into Ukraine led to the deterioration of the economic situation in Russia due to introduction of a comprehensive sanctions regime by Western countries and the excessive costs, required to support the military campaign. Therefore, maintaining and intensifying activities on the African continent, aimed at gaining access to natural resources and sales markets, diversification of ways of circumventing sanctions, etc., will become increasingly important for Kremlin. Putinʼs regime will continue to use hybrid methods, in particular, private military companies (PMCs), to create or restore positions in countries of interest through infiltration of agents into decision-making bodies. Strengthening of Russia's positions in Africa poses a threat to the entire system of international security and stability as Russian leadership will highly likely continue to create sources of instability in Africa to disperse political, economic and security efforts of the leading countries of the democratic world, diverting their attention from aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine. Therefore, the issue of research and generalization of methods of influence used by Russian authorized bodies in the specified region becomes relevant to optimize the response strategy of Ukraine and other countries to emerging challenges and threats. Methodology. In the course of the research system-structural, comparative, narrative, retrospective analysis, synthesis, induction, and deduction was used to process scientific information on the issue of Russian influence on African continent. Results. Based on the research results, means and methods of Russian influence on the African continent were studied and certain practical aspects of this issue were clarified.</p> 2024-01-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Serhii Moiko The role of internal audit in ensuring the security of public finances in Poland 2024-01-01T21:26:52+02:00 Bogdan Kołcz <p>Ensuring the stability of public finances is important for the solvency of the state, but above all, ensuring that public authorities provide an appropriate level of public services. The stability of public finances depends to a large extent on fiscal policy, and thus constitutes an important impulse for the development of the economy of individual regions. Therefore, an important task is to monitor forecasts of the public deficit and debt, as well as the risks related to the stability of public finances. These tasks belong to the internal audit and include the assessment of activities by public authorities in terms of income, expenses and financial results. In the process of stability of public finances, the role of the internal auditor in the activities of a public finance sector entity is visible. The obligation to conduct an internal audit is specified in the Public Finance Act, and its main task is to influence the processes of improving the functioning of the public finance sector unit. Striving to increase the quality and efficiency of performing public tasks by improving management is the main task of internal audit. The purpose of the audit is to ensure rational and economical management of public finances in connection with the implementation of tasks by all administrators and at all levels of management of these funds. The audit should therefore ensure an independent and objective assessment of the financial management of public funds, according to criteria that guarantee the purposefulness, credibility and economy of their spending. Internal audit ensures a common, uniform system of control of public finances, the same for all entities managing public funds at all levels of management.</p> 2024-01-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Bogdan Kołcz Military-technical cooperation as a direction of military-industrial complex development: prospects of military-civil fusion 2024-01-22T18:02:30+02:00 Iryna Alieksieienko <p>Theoretical foundations of military-technical cooperation were examined, highlighting the role of bilateral exchange of military and civilian resources in the development of the military-industrial complex. It is concluded that despite the undeniable importance and prospects of military-civil fusion, its implementation process may be prolonged and complex.</p> 2023-12-30T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Iryna Alieksieienko