Political Science and Security Studies Journal 2023-12-07T19:21:51+02:00 Ivan Open Journal Systems <p>The <strong>“Political Science and Security Studies Journal”</strong> is a broad-based scientific journal aiming to be a pluralist platform for advancing academic knowledge and debate in the field of security and politics. The journal also publishes articles on further topics that fit the journal’s mission from scholars in related disciplines (sociology, philosophy, social psychology, computer sciences, economics and law).</p> The role of remote work on employees retention among Nigerian banks 2023-08-02T17:58:10+03:00 Gabriel Lola Oriloye <p>The paper examined the role of remote work arrangements on employee retention in Nigerian banks. The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the traditional work model arrangement between employees and their employers and significantly altered the relationship nature that existed between employers of labor and their employees across the globe. The sudden change has been profound and revolutionary.&nbsp; The study investigated the role of remote work arrangements among Nigerian Banks and its effect on employees’ retention strategies. The study was descriptive, phenomenology research design was adopted to creditably investigate the phenomenon under study. The study found no evidence that remote work has led to improved employee retention among Nigerian banks. The study further revealed that young employees consider issues like career progression and compensation packages to be more critical when deciding to stay longer or quit their jobs. The paper nevertheless found no empirical evidence that supports the notion that employees will necessarily stay longer in their jobs because of the benefits offered by remote work arrangements.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Key Words: Remote work, Employee retention, pandemic, work arrangement</strong></p> <p><strong>Word count:165</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-10-02T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 GABRIEL LOLA ORILOYE Main problems of Russian-Polish relations 2023-10-02T20:51:25+03:00 Igor Khraban Volodymyr Grubov Mariia Rafalska Viacheslav Kolotov <p>The article has examined Poland’s relations since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Moscow has always opposed Poland’s policy of supporting independence and developing democracies in countries such as Ukraine or Georgia, and for this reason, relations between Poland and Russia have been tense and conflicting since the early 1990s. The new order in the international environment provided favorable conditions for domestic political changes but created new challenges and threats. The emergence of a united Germany (a European superpower) and Russia (a country with many domestic problems, pursuing a neo-imperial policy) in this environment has created a serious strategic challenge for Poland’s foreign policy. These circumstances also raised an old dilemma regarding the geopolitical position of Poland between Germany and Russia. However, the biggest problems between the two countries have arrived since the beginning of the full-scale Russian-Ukrainian war and the active aid of Poland to Ukraine.</p> 2023-10-02T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Igor Khraban, Volodymyr Grubov, Mariia Rafalska, Viacheslav Kolotov Transformation of Threats Assessments by NATO over the Last Three Years and Reshaping the Early Awareness 2023-10-02T21:31:36+03:00 Vitalii Martyniuk <p>Russian full-scale armed aggression against Ukraine provoked dramatic changes to the Euro-Atlantic security resulting into transformation of the threats assessment by NATO. Analysis of threats definition at the Alliance Summits over the previous three years – in Brussels 2021, Madrid 2022, and Vilnius 2023, shows the main changes in assessments of threats and their sources that was not fully predictable. Therefore, the early warning mechanism has to be reshaped to react better on changes of the security situation and provide decision makers with necessary information. Intelligence plays the key role in early warning and should be ready to identify any signs of new threats and their sources ensuring preventive reaction to them.</p> 2023-10-02T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Vitalii Martyniuk Results of questionnaire study in pre-hospital emergency medical system in Slovakia regarding up-to-date medical guidelines 2023-10-07T21:04:23+03:00 Zuzana Kecerová Matúš Baran <p>Pre-hospital management and healthcare in burns are crucial points in preserving lives and decreasing the mortality rates connected to severely burned patients. In our study, we asked teams in the emergency medical system in Slovakia to answer questionnaires on pre-hospital management in severely burned patients.</p> 2023-09-30T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Zuzana Kecerová, Matúš Baran Trends in the global arms market, development of the combat drone market: impact and consequences for Ukraine 2023-11-15T19:07:06+02:00 Mykola Tkach Dmytro Drynyov Igor Kulinich Nataliia Mykytiuk <p>This study shows the dynamics of GDP and defense expenditures of the worldʼs leading countries over the past few decades. The issue of rearmament with the main types of weapons of the world's leading countries in military terms is revealed. The growth dynamics of the military drone market is shown.&nbsp; The latest developments of military drones by leading defense companies in the United States and China are presented. The experience of using drones in the war between Ukraine and Russia is presented. Weapons such as tanks, armored personnel carriers, large surface ships and aircraft can be destroyed by a much cheaper and easier to manufacture drone. This approach allows not only to save resources and inflict much greater material losses on the enemy, but also to save personnel. Another advantage of unmanned aerial vehicles is that they integrate into any other system and allow online transmission of the necessary information from the battlefield, monitoring the enemy, aiming high-precision weapons and artillery, maintaining communication, providing control, striking enemy targets and perform many other useful functions.</p> 2023-09-30T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mykola Tkach, Dmytro Drynyov, Igor Kulinich, Nataliia Mykytiuk Methods and techniques of energy calculation in models of electromagnetic influences on radio-electronic equipment of technical means of logistic support 2023-11-30T21:33:49+02:00 Mykola Khomik Dmytro Kupriyenko Serhiy Hatsenko Svitlana Khoroshilova <p>The purpose of the article consists of analyzing existing scientific approaches, methods, methods, models of electromagnetic influences on radio-electronic equipment, and technical means of logistical support to determine and justify the most appropriate equations and expressions for calculating the energy induced by electromagnetic weapons. The article reveals the scientific approaches and views of many scientists regarding the theory and practice of electromagnetic influence on radio-electronic equipment and circuits of electrical equipment of technical means and ways to create protection against these influences. The shortcomings of this process are indicated and a number of promising ways to improve it are proposed. The results of the study are a starting point for increasing the efficiency (quality) of protection of radio-electronic equipment and circuits of electrical equipment of technical means of armaments and military equipment, in particular technical means of logistics.</p> 2023-09-30T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mykola Khomik, Dmytro Kupriyenko, Serhiy Hatsenko, Svitlana Khoroshilova Prerequisites for the determination of potentially separatist subjects of the Russian Federation 2023-12-07T19:21:51+02:00 Andrii Novik <p>The article examines the problems of regional separatism in the territory of the Russian Federation based on the analysis of historical, political, social and economic conditions in its subjects. It was determined that against the background of the ongoing Russian armed aggression against Ukraine, the issue of the development of separatist movements in the Russian Federation, as a factor of its weakening from the inside, is of particular importance.</p> <p>Through an in-depth study of the essence of internal contradictions on the territory of Russia, the prerequisites for identifying potentially separatist subjects of the Russian Federation have been revealed. Such prerequisites can be considered: contradictions on a political, ethnic, and religious-confessional basis; complex socio-economic situation in the state; disproportionality of regional development, distribution and natural potential of resources, potential prospects of individual subjects of the Russian Federation; political ambitions, growing influence of regional and local leaders, business elites.</p> <p>It has been established that potentially separatist subjects of the Russian Federation are separate upper-level territorial units within the federation, which are under the influence of relevant prerequisites (from one or more), which can stimulate the growth of separatism in their territories against the background of political instability, weakening of the influence of the Center (State Council of the Russian Federation) and the possibility of supporting such trends by external allies (interested parties).</p> <p>The revealed results can serve to select an effective toolkit for countering the aggressor against the background of the ongoing aggressive (expansionist) Russian foreign policy.</p> <p>Given the fact that secession (separation) can be implemented during decolonization and the struggle of the people against occupation, the gradual recognition of the national republics of the Russian Federation as occupied on the basis of historical and legal precedents seems quite promising. This will contribute not only to the internal weakening of the aggressor state, but also to the emergence in the future of new nation-states friendly to Ukraine.</p> 2023-09-30T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Andrii Novik