Political Science and Security Studies Journal 2022-07-06T12:57:04+03:00 Ivan Open Journal Systems <p>The <strong><em>“</em><em>Political Science and Security Studies Journal”</em> </strong>is a broad-based scientific journal aiming to be a pluralist platform for advancing academic knowledge and debate in the field of security and politics. The journal also publishes articles on further topics that fit the journal’s mission from scholars in related disciplines (sociology, philosophy, social psychology, economics and law).</p> <p> </p> Symbols of the full-scale Russian federation invasion of Ukraine: public relations tools of mythologization of the military aggression 2022-07-06T11:20:06+03:00 Daria Kashperska <p>The article is dedicated to the case study of the Russian Federation’s consciental war, aimed at influencing both the Ukrainian target audience and the international community. In particular, the new stage of Russia's war against Ukraine, namely the full-scale invasion of Russian troops into Ukraine on February 24, 2022 and its informational and suggestive support tracking is being covered. The article provides analysis of political brands principle of operational establishment within the scope of the “special military operation” by means of PR technologies. It also examines the features of the symbols adopted by the Russian Federation military army-level components within the framework of the consciental war from the perspective of mythologization. The concept of political myth and regressive mythologization as a tool of Kremlin’s data manipulation at the geopolitical level is also defined. The spiral of the political brands life cycle as well as the structure of the political brand “Z” is described. The objective of the article is to conduct analysis of the political brand operational establishment principle by means of artificial mythologization throughout the large-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine.</p> 2022-07-07T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Daria Kashperska Financial fraud in the banking sphere: essence, types and current state 2022-07-06T12:40:04+03:00 Violetta Kharabara Volodymyr Kharabara Roman Greshko <p>The article examines the problem of the spread of bank fraud. It has been established that most banking institutions identify fraudulent actions as the main threat to their security - loss of financial resources, distrust of customers and partners. The article investigates theoretical approaches to the concept of "financial fraud". Characterized the main ways of committing fraud in the banking sector. The article reveals the full cycle of banking fraud. By bank fraud we mean a set of criminal acts and manipulations committed for the purpose seizure of funds of a commercial bank or its customers. An analysis of the frequency of fraudulent acts and losses incurred as a result of banking fraud in Ukraine during 2017-2021 years.</p> 2022-07-07T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Violetta Kharabara, Volodymyr Kharabara, Roman Greshko The influence of gravitational interaction on the regional and global balance of forces in the world 2022-07-06T12:57:04+03:00 Mykola Tkach Valentin Jagoda Ivan Tkach Oleh Bondarenko Maxim Tkach Yuliia Bondarenko <p>The universe is a complex system that functions under certain laws, which allows it to keep its balance and prevent its collapse. Gravity is one of these laws, it is the gravitational forces that created the universe that we know – the location of celestial bodies, their movement, and interaction. It should be said that such laws are fair and at a lower level, the level of society. Relationships between people or countries are also subject to gravity laws. Yes, countries with a large mass (powerful economy, trade, armed forces, diplomacy) will be attracted by their mass less successful countries and make them with their satellites. It is this interaction that will determine the distribution of forces in the world. We can watch some countries lose their mass lose their impact on the regional and global levels, and in contrast, others are increasing it. Using the existing law of gravity, the work has shown how the force of gravity between Ukraine and the US, the EU, Turkey, and the Russian Federation has changed over the last ten years. On the basis of the calculations, it is given that the loss of mass of one country and its growth by others leads to the inevitable redistribution of the balance of forces and spheres of influence. In turn, the loss of mass, in the past, powerful country, leads to temporary chaos – economic crisis or war. At the same time, this situation is temporary and continues until the more massive countries align the lost balance, that is, new satellites (countries with less mass that have been lost in the past country) are drawn into their orbit). In addition, if the loss of mass of the country doesn't stop and neighboring countries will have several times more power, it can lead to its defragmentation and significant territorial losses.</p> 2022-07-07T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mykola Tkach, Valentin Jagoda, Ivan Tkach, Oleh Bondarenko, Maxim Tkach, Yuliia Bondarenko