Political Science and Security Studies Journal 2022-05-20T13:16:35+03:00 Ivan Open Journal Systems <p>The <strong><em>“</em><em>Political Science and Security Studies Journal”</em> </strong>is a broad-based scientific journal aiming to be a pluralist platform for advancing academic knowledge and debate in the field of security and politics. The journal also publishes articles on further topics that fit the journal’s mission from scholars in related disciplines (sociology, philosophy, social psychology, economics and law).</p> <p> </p> Methods of evaluation of efficiency of formation of the operational reserve of the first phase of the armed forces of Ukraine 2022-02-02T12:41:11+02:00 Sergey Kniaziev <p>A method for assessing the effectiveness of the formation of the operational reserve of the first stage of the Armed Forces of Ukraine has been developed. The basis of the methodology is the set of indicators developed by the author in previous studies to assess the effectiveness of the formation of the operational reserve of the first turn of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the planning model of training the operational reserve of the first turn of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.</p> <p>In the course of the research the basic provisions of the theory of complex systems, as well as general scientific methods of analysis and synthesis were used. This study was conducted to develop new approaches that allow you to objectively and comprehensively assess the process of forming an operational reserve of the first turn of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.</p> <p>Novelty of the methodology: when calculating the required number of personnel of the operational reserve of the first turn of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, what needs to be selected takes into account the current shortage, temporary shortage, projected loss of personnel during the operation (combat); the amount of unfit for service personnel due to health status and the projected outflow of personnel for various reasons and the priority of staffing the unit; taking into account the capabilities of the training and material and technical base for the preparation of the operational reserve of the first stage; distribution of personnel by subdivisions depending on the priority of tasks assigned to subdivisions.</p> <p>The practical significance of the methodology: allows to substantiate recommendations for improving the educational, material and technical base; to substantiate the periodicity and duration of training meetings with the personnel of the operational reserve of the first turn of the Armed Forces of Ukraine; determine the unit for priority staffing, depending on the tasks; take into account the loss of personnel during combat missions (operations).</p> 2022-03-26T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sergey Kniaziev Nuclear technologies as an instrument of geopolitical confrontation on the borderlands of the Heartland / Rimland 2022-02-02T12:45:39+02:00 Natalia Karpenko Ivan Tkach Michael Lavruk <p>The Russian Federation continues to implement energy instruments in order to expand its sphere of influence at the intersection of geopolitical "Heartland" and "Rimland". In particular, energy networks and transnational corporations contribute to the access of the Continental Superpower to warm seas, straits and resources and to possibility of alliances. In coalition with China, Russian strategic initiatives are being implemented in the “One Road One Belt” project.</p> <p>On the other hand, in accordance with classical geopolitics the “Sea Power” seeks to control the Eastern Europe in order to prevent hegemony in Eurasia. However, given the rapid growth of the importance of the "peaceful atom" technologies, the construction of nuclear power plants as well as the export of nuclear technologies has become one of the decisive geopolitical levers of influence and shifting "balance of power" in Eurasia.</p> 2022-03-26T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Natalia Karpenko, Ivan Tkach, Michael Lavruk The main aspects of implementing the system of public internal financial control in Ukraine system 2022-03-25T20:51:12+02:00 Hanna Yefymenko <p>This article summarizes the arguments and counter-arguments within the scientific discussion on the study of the effectiveness of public internal financial control. The main purpose of the study is to highlight the main aspects of the implementation of the system of public internal financial control for further study of the effectiveness of the use of state resources by heads of institutions. The need for the head of the institution to report in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Ukraine on the effectiveness and efficiency of the institution, achieving certain purposes (missions), strategic and other goals, including internal control requires appropriate knowledge of public resources management. Analysis of the formation of state internal control allows us to trace trends in its development, to draw parallels with the best international practices in this area. Systematization of literature sources and approaches to solving problems of improving the system of public internal financial control has shown the need for continuous improvement, taking into account the rapid changes in economic mechanisms of the state and public administration. The object of research is the system of state internal financial control of Ukraine. The article presents the results of the historical analysis of the functioning of the system of state internal financial control. The results of the study can be useful to internal auditors, academics and managers who carry out their activities in the field of internal control, risk management, internal audit.</p> 2022-03-26T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Hanna Yefymenko Resilience and constantly of information infrastructure functioning within the national resilience system 2022-03-25T22:16:37+02:00 Sergii Gnatiuk Alexander Bakalynsky Danylo Myalkovsky Dmytro Pakholchenko <p>The article examines the stability and resilience of the information infrastructure under the influence of modern cyber threats and cyber incidents. First of all, the importance of electronic communications in further implementation of programs and projects on informatization of all spheres and social processes in the framework of “e-society” and “e-government”, as well as providing a wide range of public online services and online database access services was noted. (“ACTION”), online trade, services and works. Further digitalization and virtualization of all spheres of life and everyday life of the average citizen; processes of human-citizen-state relations and management systems, monitoring of critical infrastructure (at the object and general industry levels) increase the risks of cyber threats, which in turn affects the provision of a sufficient level of stability and resilience of all networks and systems. Today, experts distinguish such categories of crimes as: attempts to obtain user rights, attempts to obtain administrator rights, violations of corporate security policy and network malware. This mainly concerns the public and corporate sectors. As for the household level, it is mainly phishing, the purpose of which is to collect personal data for financial fraud, cyberbullying, etc. The events of January this year have shown that cyber threats are increasingly becoming an instrument of hybrid warfare. After all, as a result of cyber-attacks, the work of more than 24 websites of authorities and the “ACTION” platform was blocked and more than 70 sites were shut down to stop the spread of cyber-attacks. In addition, reports of mass mines in educational institutions in entire cities have become a new type of cyber threat. This allows us to talk about the need to increase the activity of the state and the private sector in combating cyber threats.</p> <p>Thus, in the framework of building a national system of resilience, Ukraine took part in the exercise “Inviolable Resilience 2020”, which was held under the auspices of NATO in Ukraine in September 2021 in Odessa. This provided practical experience: working in teams consisting of representatives of the security and defense forces and representatives of critical infrastructure; in the development of practical skills, abilities and competencies during the implementation of measures in crisis situations; elaboration of proposals on normative-legal regulation of raising the level of the national system of stability and cyber protection at all levels (from national to object).</p> 2022-03-26T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sergii Gnatiuk, Alexander Bakalynsky, Danylo Myalkovsky, Dmytro Pakholchenko Country’s innovative potential: indicators and measurement assessments 2022-03-26T21:02:57+02:00 Tetiana Kiriienia Yuri Lysetsky <p>The innovative potential of a country reflects the ability of its economy to prospective development mainly due to its internal capabilities. Today, a substantiated choice of methods for its evaluation is a decisive factor of socio-economic systems competitiveness. An approach to the determination of an integrated assessment of the countryʼs innovation potential, based on the integrated use of quasimetric methods and expert technologies, is proposed.</p> 2022-03-26T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Tetiana Kiriienia, Yuri Lysetsky Facilitating national security of Ukraine by means of arts 2022-05-20T13:16:35+03:00 Iryna Dats Ludmila Gerasimenko <p>Modern theory of national security is based on many concepts: international security, economic security and more. However, due to objective and subjective factors, insufficient attention is paid to the cultural component of state-building processes. Dialogue of cultures, the interaction of artistic creativity of artists from different countries have significant potential in the field of cultural diplomacy, the effectiveness of which affects the state of national security.</p> <p>An example of the trend of such interaction is the Ukrainian interpretation of the French opera ‘The Spanish Hour’ by Maurice Ravel, the specifics of which are the content of this article from the standpoint of dialogue of cultures.</p> 2022-03-31T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Iryna Dats, Ludmila Gerasimenko