Separatism as the final form of the secession and its influence on the maternal states’ future development
In the article the problems with regard to the manifestations of secessionism at the present stage, provide recommendations for combating them have been investigated. The role and place of the world community in counteracting the manifestations of secessionism and the prevention of territorial conflicts on the world scene have been taken into account. It is argued that the primary possible step in resolving conflicts is, firstly, the use of nonviolent measures, political and diplomatic settlement, and the achievement of stability in any state is possible only in the conditions of maintaining the principles of social justice, regardless of territorial identity.
It can be argued that the peculiarities of the origin and development of the separatism centres in the world influence the political and geographical position of the territory. In addition, experts note that the effective counteraction to separatism is to create exactly the conditions under which effective management of disintegration processes is carried out. It seems that the idea of separation loses its popularity over time. In the Donbas, Ukraine deals with hybrid separatism, which is part of the hybrid war of the Russian Federation. According to the researches of the National Institute for Strategic Studies under the President of Ukraine, its basis is political separatism, which is based on the distortion of information, application of special propaganda measures, distortion of the history of Ukraine and myths about a better life in the format of self-proclaimed republics, etc. It is clear that this conflict must end. However, scientists warn against the use of negative experience in resolving such confrontations, especially in Ukraine. It should also be noted that despite the presence of varying levels of ethnicity in secessionist processes in Ukraine, it cannot be considered decisive or fundamental.
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